Dictionary of Terms World Black Belt - H


"Head wrapping." A light cotton towel, also known as a tengui, wrapped around the forehead to restrict perspiration from running into the eyes and face.


"Begin." Referee's command used to start a Japanese martial arts match.


"Divided skirt." The skirtlike trousers or cullotes primarily worn in kendo, aikido, iaido, and sometimes the upper ranks of judo.

Hakko ryu

A form of jujutsu in which atemi (striking) techniques are emphasized


A shafted weapon with an axelike cutting blade, sometimes used to describe the Chinese quando.

Han mu kwan

"Military arts school." A style of Korean karate.


A three foot wooden staff


"Master." A respected master, of Japanese martial disciplines, who is of eigth- to tenth-degree black belt rank, although not all masters receive this title.

Hansoku gachi

"Winner by violation." The decision awarded in a match when an opponent has violated the rules.


"Loser by violation." A verdict against the loser when there has been a violation of the rules in a match.


"Judgement" or "decision." A command by the referee to the judges to choose the winner of a match when neither contestant has scored or if the score is tied.


"way of coordinating power." A Korean martial art characterized by kicking without retraction and composed of three primary skills: nonresistance when meeting force, circular motion to countering and attacking, and the water principle - total penetration of an enemy's defenses.


"Abdomen." Gravity and mass in the human body, traditionally considered in Eastern thought to be the seat of the soul and center of ki.

Hara Kiri

Ritual Japanese suicide with a knife, practiced by the samurai warrior. This phrase is the informal word for seppuku.


The art of concentrating ki in the abdomen; disciplines focusing on developing the tanden

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